Fire Water cited in ‘Public Health Ethics’ journal

Fire Water has been cited in an article titled, ‘Ethics of Artificial Water Fluoridation in Australia’ (2012) by Niyi Awofeso (School of Population Health, University of Western Australia, and School of Public Health, University of New South Wales, Australia). Significantly, the author concludes, as does the film, that forced fluoridation cannot be justified on ethical grounds.


A recent decision by several Australian federal politicians to support a parliamentary review of artificial water fluoridation has an intensified debate on the public health intervention. While there is a majority agreement among Australian dentists and other health professionals that adequate enamel fluoride is essential for dental health, the ethics of artificial fluoridation of public water supplies as a contemporary vehicle for facilitating adequate supply of fluoride to teeth is highly contested. Opponents of artificial water fluoridation insist that there are many alternative sources of fluoride, that mandatory water fluoridation violates the ethical principle of autonomy and that water fluoridation is not only expensive and unnecessary but also may endanger health by causing fluorosis and, potentially, hypothyroidism and pathological bone fractures. In contrast, proponents of water fluoridation posit that mandatory water fluoridation facilitates health equity and that the benefits accruing to society from prevention of dental caries (beneficence principle) outweighs impairment of individual autonomy. This article utilizes Childress’ ‘justificatory conditions’ to evaluate the ethical appropriateness of artificial water fluoridation in Australia. The author concludes that there is insufficient ethical justification for artificial water fluoridation in Australia.

Abstract source | Full text PDF

Specifically, the author references the Freedom of Information documents* shown in Fire Water, which were originally obtained by Ann Bressington, and given to the filmmakers by dentist Dr. Andrew Harms.

The filmmakers consider this citation a vindication of the central messages of the film itself; and of the general concerns expressed by all those interviewed for the project.

For more on the unethical nature of water fluoridation, click here.

[*Click on each page individually]


3 responses to “Fire Water cited in ‘Public Health Ethics’ journal

  1. NB. When Sapphire Eyes began this mammoth project ( ), we never intended to make an ‘entertaining’ film – no, just the very best educational, factual film (plus additional footage of all interviews in full) and the accompanying website, full of truth. Seems that now, we are finally seeing some real acknowledgement for our efforts in staying true to that goal of factual evidence (as with the FOI documents demonstrate, the truth is not meant to be ‘entertaining’, but sometimes, very unpalatable).

    In the conclusion of the Public Health Journal article (‘Ethics of Artificial Water Fluoridation in Australia’ (2012) by Niyi Awofeso (School of Population Health, University of Western Australia, and School of Public Health, University of New South Wales, Australia), the writer states: “At least on ethical grounds, a reconsideration of current artificial water fluoridation policies is warranted, and a parliamentary debate is a good start to such policy review in Australia.”

    Wouldn’t it be great if our politicians, Universities and Medical bodies, took a fresh look at the ethics; AND, a really good look at the newly released Harvard University report ( or, see original article: published on July 20, 2012) . The original study says this: “Conclusions: The results support the possibility of an adverse effect of high fluoride exposure on children’s neurodevelopment. Future research should include detailed individual-level information on prenatal exposure, neurobehavioral performance, and covariates for adjustment.”

    Isn’t it time EVERYONE understood we are being systematically made physically more toxic each and every day we are FORCED to ingest this S7 toxin ( hydrofluorosilic acid – aka, ‘fluoride’), found in everything made with tap water?

  2. As the source of the truth for the Australian people I am delighted to learn of this – Firewater Film was made with complete and utter integrity, honesty, decency, honor and care to try and bring the truth to the population that our health and our environment is being harmed by these hazardous waste pollutants = fluorosilicic acid/silicofluorides and co-contaminants of lead, mercury, arsenic, cadmium etc.. being in our drinking water supplies and hence contaminating all our foods, drinks, alcohol etc., anything that is grown, produced, manufactured using ‘fluoridated water’. The population must put enormous pressure on all Government in Australia to immediately, permanently and irrevocably end ‘water fluoridation’ schemes. All areas of long time ‘fluoridation’ in USA and Australia are also in dental crisis. Water fluoridation is not safe and not effective and Fire Water Film tells this truth to the people.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s