Fire Water cited in ‘Public Health Ethics’ journal

Fire Water has been cited in an article titled, ‘Ethics of Artificial Water Fluoridation in Australia’ (2012) by Niyi Awofeso (School of Population Health, University of Western Australia, and School of Public Health, University of New South Wales, Australia). Significantly, the author concludes, as does the film, that forced fluoridation cannot be justified on ethical grounds.


A recent decision by several Australian federal politicians to support a parliamentary review of artificial water fluoridation has an intensified debate on the public health intervention. While there is a majority agreement among Australian dentists and other health professionals that adequate enamel fluoride is essential for dental health, the ethics of artificial fluoridation of public water supplies as a contemporary vehicle for facilitating adequate supply of fluoride to teeth is highly contested. Opponents of artificial water fluoridation insist that there are many alternative sources of fluoride, that mandatory water fluoridation violates the ethical principle of autonomy and that water fluoridation is not only expensive and unnecessary but also may endanger health by causing fluorosis and, potentially, hypothyroidism and pathological bone fractures. In contrast, proponents of water fluoridation posit that mandatory water fluoridation facilitates health equity and that the benefits accruing to society from prevention of dental caries (beneficence principle) outweighs impairment of individual autonomy. This article utilizes Childress’ ‘justificatory conditions’ to evaluate the ethical appropriateness of artificial water fluoridation in Australia. The author concludes that there is insufficient ethical justification for artificial water fluoridation in Australia.

Abstract source | Full text PDF

Specifically, the author references the Freedom of Information documents* shown in Fire Water, which were originally obtained by Ann Bressington, and given to the filmmakers by dentist Dr. Andrew Harms.

The filmmakers consider this citation a vindication of the central messages of the film itself; and of the general concerns expressed by all those interviewed for the project.

For more on the unethical nature of water fluoridation, click here.

[*Click on each page individually]


No bridge over troubled waters

No bridge over troubled waters


Australia gets plenty of tourists from India; surely they ought to be told that they’re drinking poisoned water?” says Jaya Chela Drolma, her blue eyes flashing as she talks about the fluoridation of Australia’s water supply. Fire Water: Australia’s Industrial Fluoridation Disgrace, a documentary film on fluoridation that Jaya produced and directed, was shown here at the Alliance Francaise de Bangalore as part of the international travelling film festival ‘Voices from the Waters’.

A project that is entirely community-funded, Fire Water highlights the Australian government’s gradual introduction of fluoride into the country’s drinking water supply, a few towns at a time, on the pretext of medicating residents. The film brings to light an alarming issue that is heartbreakingly familiar: the influencing of government health policy by industry. “It’s not pharmaceutical-grade fluoride that’s being added. We’re talking unmonitored doses of industrial waste here,” Jaya says, pointing out that the additives come from fertilizer manufacturers and contain heavy metals like uranium.

This “forced poisoning”, is a subject Jaya claims the Australian mainstream media refuses to touch. In the absence of public debate, and the government’s tight-lipped stance, the only option available seems to be to spread awareness. “No legal or political avenues are open to us, so all we’re left with is educating people.” With Fire Water available for viewing on the Internet and all references and individual interviews painstakingly documented on the film’s website, there is plenty of information available to those looking for it, and the argument against Australia’s system of fluoridation is certainly compelling. The inputs from doctors, dentists, fluoride-sensitive sufferers, elected representatives, a whistle-blower and others combine to paint a troubling picture.

The documentary itself may be rather long, poorly shot, but the energy and determination behind the project punches its way through. Here in Bangalore, along with the film’s writer-researcher, Daniel Zalec, Jaya hopes that raising awareness will help build international pressure, forcing the Australian government to prioritise public health over industrial interests. “It’s so disempowering,” she says, “to see your government not give a fig.” But counting activism as the best way forward, Jaya indicates no desire to back down in her fight for the rights of citizens.

Deepika Sarma

The fluoridation of Australia’s drinking water supply is a matter of concern for its citizens


Fire Water features in FAN bulletin

Sapphire Eyes Productions wishes to thank the Fluoride Action Network for mentioning our film, Fire Water, in their official bulletin, re-posted below:

Fluoride Action Network – Official Bulletin – November 14, 2011

Fluoride Films

Recently, two new films have been produced by independent filmmakers bringing attention to the risks and dangers association with fluoridation.

In Australia, Sapphire Eyes Productions has released their film Fire Water. It’s a groundbreaking indictment of Australia’s mandatory water fluoridation policy, featuring health and scientific professionals, State Members of Parliament, former MP’s, activists, sufferers and concerned citizens. The film exposes the truth about the industrial-grade fluoridation chemicals used to fluoridate Australian public water supplies.

In the United States, filmmakers Paul Wittenburger and Chris Maple (Framing the World Productions) have made The Great Culling. The film explores the direct connection between environmental toxins, including fluoride, and the current epidemic of neurological disorders that are on the rise.

We also invite you to visit FAN’s YouTube channel where we’ve uploaded over 30 videos, including our film Professional Perspectives and and interview with Christopher Bryson about The Fluoride Deception.

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